Valley of Flowers National Park
Valley of Flowers National Park is an outstandingly beautiful high-altitude Himalayan valley that has been acknowledged as such by renowned mountaineers and botanists in literature for over a century and in Hindu Mythology for much longer.
Its “gentle” landscape, breathtakingly beautiful meadows of alpine flowers and ease of access complement the rugged, mountain wilderness for which the inner basin of Nanda Devi National Park is renowned. Valley of flower is splashed with color as it bloomed with hundreds different beautiful flowers, taking on various shades of colors as time progressed.
Valley was declared a national park in 1982, and now it is a World Heritage Site. While trekking towards Valley of Flowers, one can experience the beauty of shining peaks fully covered with snow. One can also see the beautiful view of surrounding greenery and various running streams with crystal clear water. The valley is home to many celebrated flowers like the BrahmaKamal, The Blue Poppy and the Cobra Lilly. It is a much sought after haunt for flower-lovers, botanists and of course trekkers.
The Valley of Flowers is an alpine valley, and has been formed by the retreating glaciers whose periodic advances and retreat pulverised hard rocks, resulting in a smooth U-shaped valley which was later colonised by numerous plants adopting themselves to the harsh climatic conditions prevailing there.
The Valley of Flowers remains snow covered from November to May but when the ice envelope thaws on June it is a signal for profusion of colours hidden in petals of alpine during July and August. Some important flowering plants having tremendous medicinal values are: Anemone, Geranium, Marsh, Marigold, Primula, Potentilla, Geum, Aster. Lilium, Himalayanblue poppy, Aconite, Delphinium, Ranunculus, Corydalis, Inula, Saussurea abvallata, Campanula. Pedicularis, Trysimum, Morina, Impetiens, Bistorta. Ligularia. Anaphalis Saxifraga, Lobelia, Thermophis, Trolises. Aquilogia, Codonopsis, Dactylorhiza, Cypripedium, Straw berries and Rhododendron etc.
Apart from the flowering plants, wild animals like Himalayan birds, phigents, butterflies, Tendula, Musk deer, Bharal Mountain goats), Himalayan bear, tail less rat etc. are enchancing the beauty too. The Valley of Flowers is an irresitible treat for naturalists, ecologists. environmentalists, zoologists, ornithologists, trekkers. tourists and pilgrims.
The Base Camp
Village ghangria is the base camp for trek to Valley of Flowers and Hemkund Sahib. Since camping and overnight stay Is not allowed in the Valley of Flowers, Ghanghria is the logical base camp for the trek. Travel beyond Ghanghria is on foot at Nature’s place since the entry of ponies is prohibited. The trek is subject to strict ecological discipline and the trekker is expected to be concerned about the ecosystem of the region. After staying overnight at Ghanghria the next day trek to valley of flowers is started early in the morning. After crossing a log or iron bridge (This bridge breaks every season due to glacier) over the Laxman Ganga, 300 mts. from Ghanghria. the route of the Valley of Flowers separates from that going to Hemkund Sahib.
How to reach Valley of Flowers
Generally people from all over the world coming to Valley of Flowers need to first reach Haridwar. Haridwar is situated 200 kilometers from New Delhi in the state of Uttrakhand (India). On day one from Haridwar you need to travel by road for almost 10-12 hours and reach Govindghat. The mode of transport available is only by road.
Things to be taken care of: Do not take your own vehicle for the trip as you may get stuck on the way and you cannot leave your vehicle and move on.
The next day (day 2) you need to reach Ghangaria, the base camp to visit Valley of Flowers. You have got four options to reach from Govindgaht to Ghangaria viz. Trek, Pony, Porter (They can carry you on their back in a basket if you weigh up to 50-60 kilograms and Helicopter). You can use any of them. We recommend you to conserve your energy for the next day if you are not a professional trekker. As next day you will be going to Valley of flowers. For full detailed tour program for trip to Valley of Flowers kindly visit our trek page. Here detailed itinerary is given.
The next day (day 3) you will be going to Valley of Flowers. Here you need to trek on your own and no pony or helicopter service is available. Although, if you are not physically fit for trek you may hire porter/porters. Generally four porters can carry one person. Overnight stay is not allowed in Valley of Flowers, you need to be back by five in the evening and the Valley of Flowers opens at seven in the morning. Do not waste time in clicking photographs too much as should reach at least up to Pushpawati River bed. And that point is seven kilometers from the entry gate of Valley of flowers. Means you need to trek for 14 kilometers in total. We recommend you to have one extra day for Valley of Flowers as many times it rains and you require an extra day to have a good view of Valley of Flowers.
Location of Valley of Flowers
Valley of Flowers is located 300 Kms North of Rishikesh, near Badrinath. You need to Travel by Road till Govindghat and from there the trek to Valley of Flowers starts. Govindghat is 20 Kms before Badrinath. Till Govidghat there is a motorable Road. Rishiksh is 6 Hours Drive from New Delhi, India.
VALLEY OF FLOWERS IS LOCATED 300 KMS NORTH OF RISHIKESH, NEAR BADRINATH
Google earth view of valley of flowers.